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Genetic Engineering : A Solution or a Problem

For decades, genetic engineering came into existence as a claim to provide the solutions to various untreatable problems, particularly in agricultural crops in pursuit of high-yielding varieties with better quality. On the other hand, comparatively lesser instances are there in the field of the animal sector. A stigma always arises regarding the public acceptance of genetically modified products. In some regions of the globe, people are easily accepting this such as developed nations like European countries, etc. While the acceptance rate is very low in underdeveloped and developing countries due to social stigma and poor educational background. Although various genetical advancement has been done in agricultural crops to provide solutions such as Bt-cotton, Bt-Brinjal, etc. But, a question of ecological imbalance always arises with GM crops. Also, it will increase the entropy of the plant genome while inserting a foreign gene into this. 
Unfortunately, the solution that genetic engineering provides is not sustainable. Several ecological Problems have been observed with GM crops such as declining of the honey bee population with Bt-cotton like that. Somehow, these are also posing harmful effects on human health.  
In the present world, the philosophy of benefits has been totally changing i.e. people did not even consider what harmful effects, they are leaving on the other environmental components like climate change. The technologies must be designed in keeping the interest of environmental factors, whether, they will cause any negative impact on this or not. 
Even, the commercial production of insulin is being done with GM bacteria through fermentation. There is not even single doubt, that genetic engineering revolutionizes biological research. But, the other interest should also keep in mind otherwise It will cost a huge in the future. A typical example of this is the "outbreak of novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China" which has been spread throughout the world. it kills millions of people globally and the effect is continue. So, there is a need to develop eco-friendly technologies.

Recently, CRISPR-Cas9 is a genome-editing tool that is creating a buzz in the science world. It is faster, cheaper, and more accurate than previous techniques of editing DNA and has a wide range of potential applications. This is the most robust technology ever used in the past. CRISPR is a family of DNA sequences found in the genomes of prokaryotic organisms such as bacteria and archaea. These sequences are derived from DNA fragments of bacteriophages that had previously infected the prokaryote. They are used to detect and destroy DNA from similar bacteriophages during subsequent infections. In the coming future, CRISPR-Cas9 technology will be explicitly used in clinical research and will surely open the doors for the latest developments. 

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